Cartesian( list1, list2.. )
Cartesian( list )
In the first form
Cartesian returns the cartesian product of the lists
list1, list2, etc.
In the second form list must be a list of lists list1, list2, etc.,
Cartesian returns the cartesian product of those lists.
The cartesian product is a list cart of lists tup, such that the first element of tup is an element of list1, the second element of tup is an element of list2, and so on. The total number of elements in cart is the product of the lengths of the argument lists. In particular cart is empty if and only if at least one of the argument lists is empty. Also cart contains duplicates if and only if no argument list is empty and at least one contains duplicates.
The last index runs fastest. That means that the first element tup1 of cart contains the first element from list1, from list2 and so on. The second element tup2 of cart contains the first element from list1, the first from list2, an so on, but the last element of tup2 is the second element of the last argument list. This implies that cart is a set if and only if all argument lists are sets.
gap> Cartesian( [1,2], [3,4], [5,6] ); [ [ 1, 3, 5 ], [ 1, 3, 6 ], [ 1, 4, 5 ], [ 1, 4, 6 ], [ 2, 3, 5 ], [ 2, 3, 6 ], [ 2, 4, 5 ], [ 2, 4, 6 ] ] gap> Cartesian( [1,2,2], [1,1,2] ); [ [ 1, 1 ], [ 1, 1 ], [ 1, 2 ], [ 2, 1 ], [ 2, 1 ], [ 2, 2 ], [ 2, 1 ], [ 2, 1 ], [ 2, 2 ] ]
Tuples (see Tuples) computes the k-fold cartesian
product of a list.
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