As already mentioned in the introduction of this chapter matrix groups
are after all group. All group functions such as
DerivedSeries are thus applicable to matrix groups. This section
describes how these functions are implemented for matrix groups.
Functions not mentioned here either inherit the default group methods
described in the respective sections.
To compute with a matrix group m, GAP computes the operation of the matrix group on the underlying vector space (more precisely, if the vector space is small enough, it enumerates the space and acts on the whole space. Otherwise it takes the union of the orbits of the parent of m on the standard basis vectors). Then it works with the thus defined permutation group p, which is of course isomorphic to m, and finally translates the results back into the matrix group.
Centralizer( m, u )
Normalizer( m, u )
SylowSubgroup( m, p )
ConjugacyClasses( m )
This functions all work by solving the problem in the permutation group p and translating the result back.
PermGroup( m )
This function simply returns the permutation group defined above.
Stabilizer( m, v )
The stabilizer of a vector v that lies in the union of the orbits of the parent of m on the standard basis vectors is computed by finding the stabilizer of the corresponding point in the permutation group p and translating this back. Other stabilizers are computed with the default method (see Stabilizer).
RepresentativeOperation( m, v1, v2 )
If v1 and v2 are vectors that both lie in the union of the orbits of
the parent group of m on the standard basis vectors,
RepresentativeOperation finds a permutation in p that takes the point
corresponding to v1 to the point corresponding to v2. If no such
permutation exists, it returns
false. Otherwise it translates the
permutation back to a matrix.
RepresentativeOperation( m, m1, m2 )
If m1 and m2 are matrices in m,
RepresentativeOperation finds a
permutation in p that conjugates the permutation corresponding to m1
to the permutation corresponding to m2. If no such permutation exists,
false. Otherwise it translates the permutation back to a
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