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### 16 FpG-modules

 `CompositionSeriesOfFpGModules(M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M and returns a list of FpG-modules that constitute a composition series for M. `DirectSumOfFpGModules(M,N) ` `DirectSumOfFpGModules([ M[1], M[2], ..., M[k] ])) ` Inputs two FpG-modules M and N with common group and characteristic. It returns the direct sum of M and N as an FpG-Module. Alternatively, the function can input a list of FpG-modules with common group G. It returns the direct sum of the list. `FpGModule(A,P) ` `FpGModule(A,G,p) ` Inputs a p-group P and a matrix A whose rows have length a multiple of the order of G. It returns the "canonical" FpG-module generated by the rows of A. A small non-prime-power group G can also be input, provided the characteristic p is entered as a third input variable. `FpGModuleDualBasis(M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M. It returns a record R with two components: R.freeModule is the free module FG of rank one. R.basis is a list representing an F-basis for the module Hom_FG(M,FG). Each term in the list is a matrix A whose rows are vectors in FG such that M!.generators[i] --> A[i] extends to a module homomorphism M --> FG. `FpGModuleHomomorphism(M,N,A) ` `FpGModuleHomomorphismNC(M,N,A) ` Inputs FpG-modules M and N over a common p-group G. Also inputs a list A of vectors in the vector space spanned by N!.matrix. It tests that the function M!.generators[i] --> A[i] extends to a homomorphism of FpG-modules and, if the test is passed, returns the corresponding FpG-module homomorphism. If the test is failed it returns fail. The "NC" version of the function assumes that the input defines a homomorphism and simply returns the FpG-module homomorphism. ` DesuspensionFpGModule(M,n)` `DesuspensionFpGModule(R,n) ` Inputs a positive integer n and and FpG-module M. It returns an FpG-module D^nM which is mathematically related to M via an exact sequence 0 --> D^nM --> R_n --> ... --> R_0 --> M --> 0 where R_* is a free resolution. (If G=Group(M) is of prime-power order then the resolution is minimal.) Alternatively, the function can input a positive integer n and at least n terms of a free resolution R of M. `RadicalOfFpGModule(M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M with G a p-group, and returns the Radical of M as an FpG-module. (Ig G is not a p-group then a submodule of the radical is returned. `RadicalSeriesOfFpGModule(M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M and returns a list of FpG-modules that constitute the radical series for M. `GeneratorsOfFpGModule(M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M and returns a matrix whose rows correspond to a minimal generating set for M. `ImageOfFpGModuleHomomorphism(f) ` Inputs an FpG-module homomorphism f:M --> N and returns its image f(M) as an FpG-module. `GroupAlgebraAsFpGModule(G) ` Inputs a p-group G and returns its mod p group algebra as an FpG-module. `IntersectionOfFpGModules(M,N) ` Inputs two FpG-modules M, N arising as submodules in a common free module (FG)^n where G is a finite group and F the field of p-elements. It returns the FpG-module arising as the intersection of M and N. `IsFpGModuleHomomorphismData(M,N,A) ` Inputs FpG-modules M and N over a common p-group G. Also inputs a list A of vectors in the vector space spanned by N!.matrix. It returns true if the function M!.generators[i] --> A[i] extends to a homomorphism of FpG-modules. Otherwise it returns false. `MaximalSubmoduleOfFpGModule(M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M and returns one maximal FpG-submodule of M. `MaximalSubmodulesOfFpGModule(M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M and returns the list of maximal FpG-submodules of M. `MultipleOfFpGModule(w,M) ` Inputs an FpG-module M and a list w:=[g_1 , ..., g_t] of elements in the group G=M!.group. The list w can be thought of as representing the element w=g_1 + ... + g_t in the group algebra FG, and the function returns a semi-echelon matrix B which is a basis for the vector subspace wM . `ProjectedFpGModule(M,k) ` Inputs an FpG-module M of ambient dimension n|G|, and an integer k between 1 and n. The module M is a submodule of the free module (FG)^n . Let M_k denote the intersection of M with the last k summands of (FG)^n . The function returns the image of the projection of M_k onto the k-th summand of (FG)^n . This image is returned an FpG-module with ambient dimension |G|. `RandomHomomorphismOfFpGModules(M,N) ` Inputs two FpG-modules M and N over a common group G. It returns a random matrix A whose rows are vectors in N such that the function M!.generators[i] --> A[i] extends to a homomorphism M --> N of FpG-modules. (There is a problem with this function at present.) `Rank(f) ` Inputs an FpG-module homomorphism f:M --> N and returns the dimension of the image of f as a vector space over the field F of p elements. `SumOfFpGModules(M,N) ` Inputs two FpG-modules M, N arising as submodules in a common free module (FG)^n where G is a finite group and F the field of p-elements. It returns the FpG-Module arising as the sum of M and N. `SumOp(f,g) ` Inputs two FpG-module homomorphisms f,g:M --> N with common sorce and common target. It returns the sum f+g:M --> N . (This operation is also available using "+". `VectorsToFpGModuleWords(M,L) ` Inputs an FpG-module M and a list L=[v_1,... ,v_k] of vectors in M. It returns a list L'= [x_1,...,x_k] . Each x_j=[[W_1,G_1],...,[W_t,G_t]] is a list of integer pairs corresponding to an expression of v_j as a word v_j = g_1*w_1 + g_2*w_1 + ... + g_t*w_t where g_i=Elements(M!.group)[G_i] w_i=GeneratorsOfFpGModule(M)[W_i] .

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