Since the main purpose of **UnitLib** is the date storage, it has only two main user functions to read the description of V(KG) for the given catalogue number of G in the Small Groups Library of the **GAP** system, and to save the description of V(KG) if the user would like to store it for the further usage for the group which is not contained in the library.

To use the **UnitLib** package first you need to load it as follows:

gap> LoadPackage("unitlib"); ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Loading UnitLib 3.1.0 (The library of normalized unit groups of modular group algebras) by Alexander Konovalov (http://www.cs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~alexk/) and Elena Yakimenko. Homepage: http://www.cs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~alexk/unitlib/ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- true

Under Windows, a warning will be displayed about non-availability of the library of normalized unit groups for groups of orders 128.

Examples below contain some functions from the **LAGUNA** package [BKRS], see their description in the **LAGUNA** manual (LAGUNA: LAGUNA package).

`‣ PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup` ( s, n ) | ( function ) |

Returns: PcGroup

Let `s` be a power of prime p and `n` is an integer from `[ 1 .. NrSmallGroups(s) ]`

. Then `PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup(`

returns the normalized unit group V(KG) of the modular group algebra KG, where G is `s`,`n`)`SmallGroup(`

(see `s`,`n`)`SmallGroup`

(Reference: SmallGroup for group order and index)) and K is a field of p elements.

gap> PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup(128,161); <pc group of size 170141183460469231731687303715884105728 with 127 generators>

The result returned by `PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup`

is equivalent to the following:

gap> G := SmallGroup( s, n ); gap> p := PrimePGroup( G ); gap> K := GF( p ); gap> KG := GroupRing( K, G ); gap> PcNormalizedUnitGroup( KG );

Nevertheless, `PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup`

is not just a shortcut for such computation. It reads the description of the normalized unit group from the **UnitLib** library and then reconstructs all its necessary attributes and properties. Thus, if you would like to obtain the group algebra KG or the field K and the group G, you should extract them from V(KG), which should be constructed first.

gap> V:=PcNormalizedUnitGroup(GroupRing(GF(2),SmallGroup(8,3))); <pc group of size 128 with 7 generators> gap> V1:=PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup(8,3); <pc group of size 128 with 7 generators> gap> V1=V; # two isomorphic groups but not identical objects false gap> IdGroup(V)=IdGroup(V1); true gap> IsomorphismGroups(V,V1); [ f1, f2, f3, f4, f5, f6, f7 ] -> [ f1, f2, f3, f4, f5, f6, f7 ] gap> KG:=UnderlyingGroupRing(V1); # now the correct way <algebra-with-one over GF(2), with 3 generators> gap> V1=PcNormalizedUnitGroup(KG); # V1 is an attribute of KG true gap> K:=UnderlyingField(KG); GF(2) gap> G:=UnderlyingGroup(KG); <pc group of size 8 with 3 generators>

Moreover, the original group G can be embedded into the output of the `PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup`

, as it is shown in the next example:

gap> f:=Embedding(G,V1); [ f1, f2, f3 ] -> [ f2, f1, f3 ] gap> g:=List(GeneratorsOfGroup(G), x -> x^f ); [ f2, f1, f3 ] gap> G1:=Subgroup(V1,g); Group([ f2, f1, f3 ]) gap> IdGroup(G1); [ 8, 3 ]

If the first argument `s` (the order of a group) is not a power of prime, an error message will appear. If `s` is bigger than 243, you will get a warning telling that the library does not contain V(KG) for G of such order, and you can use only data that you already stored in your `unitlib/userdata`

directory with the help of the function `SavePcNormalizedUnitGroup`

(2.1-2).

It is worth to mention that for some groups of order 243, the construction of the normalized unit group using `PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup`

may already require some noticeable amount of time. For example, it took about 166 seconds of CPU time to compute `PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup(243,30)`

on Intel Xeon 3.4 GHz with 2048 KB cache.

`‣ SavePcNormalizedUnitGroup` ( G ) | ( function ) |

`‣ ParSavePcNormalizedUnitGroup` ( G ) | ( function ) |

Returns: true

Let `G` be a finite p-group of order s from the Small Groups Library of the **GAP** system, constructed with the help of `SmallGroup(s,n)`

(see `SmallGroup`

(Reference: SmallGroup for group order and index)). Then `SavePcNormalizedUnitGroup(`

creates the file with the name of the form `G`)`us_n.g`

in the directory `unitlib/userdata`

, and returns `true`

if this file was successfully generated. This file contains the description of the normalized unit group V(KG) of the group algebra of the group `G` over the field of p elements.

If the order of `G` is greater than 243, after this you can construct the group V(KG) using `PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup`

(2.1-1) similarly to the previous section. The preliminary warning will be displayed, telling that for such orders you can use only those groups that were already computed by the user and saved to the `unitlib/userdata`

directory. If there will be no such file there, you will get an error message, otherwise the computation will begin.

If the order of `G` is less or equal to 243, then the file will be created in the `unitlib/userdata`

directory, but **UnitLib** will continue to use the file with the same name from the appropriate directory in `unitlib/data`

. You can compare these two files to make it sure that they are the same.

**NOTE THAT:**

1. The argument should be the underlying group G and not the normalized unit group V(KG).

2. The argument should be a group from the **GAP** Small Groups Library constructed with the help of `SmallGroup(s,n)`

, otherwise the date consistency may be lost.

`ParSavePcNormalizedUnitGroup`

works in the same way, but uses the function `ParPcNormalizedUnitGroup`

to parallelise the computation using the **GAP** package **SCSCP**.

gap> SavePcNormalizedUnitGroup( SmallGroup( 256, 56092 ) ); true gap> PcNormalizedUnitGroupSmallGroup( 256, 56092 ); WARNING : the library of V(KG) for groups of order 256 is not available yet !!! You can use only groups from the unitlib/userdata directory in case if you already computed their descriptions (See the manual for SavePcNormalizedUnitGroup). #I Description of V(KG) for G=SmallGroup(256, 56092) accepted, started its generation... <pc group of size 57896044618658097711785492504343953926634992332820282019728792003956564819968 with 255 generators>

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