[GAP Forum] Looking for automorphisms of triple steiner systems
Alexander Hulpke
hulpke at math.colostate.edu
Mon Mar 22 17:36:12 GMT 2010
Dear Forum,
Mbg Nimda asked:
> I'm trying to determine the automorphism group of Steiner(2,3,13) but I get
> a memory exceeded error.
> Here is the session:
>
> gap> st;
> [ [ 2, 4, 11 ], [ 7, 10, 12 ], [ 3, 8, 10 ], [ 2, 6, 12 ], [ 3, 6, 13 ], [
> 1, 6, 10 ], [ 5, 11, 13 ], [ 1, 2, 3 ],
> [ 3, 4, 9 ], [ 5, 7, 8 ], [ 3, 7, 11 ], [ 4, 8, 12 ], [ 1, 8, 13 ], [ 5,
> 6, 9 ], [ 9, 12, 13 ], [ 1, 7, 9 ],
> [ 2, 5, 10 ], [ 2, 7, 13 ], [ 2, 8, 9 ], [ 6, 8, 11 ], [ 9, 10, 11 ], [ 4,
> 10, 13 ], [ 1, 11, 12 ], [ 1, 4, 5 ],
> [ 4, 6, 7 ], [ 3, 5, 12 ] ]
> gap>
> gap>
> gap> g:=SymmetricGroup(13);
> Sym( [ 1 .. 13 ] )
> gap> h:=Stabilizer(g,st,OnSetsSets);
First, `st' should be sorted to be a set:
st:=Set(st);
Then, alas, the OnSetsSets action only does a naive orbit algorithm, and has no backtrack implementation. The stabilizer calculation therefore needs to form the whole orbit, which is unlikely to succeed.
The best way to deal with this would be to use the GRAPE package, encode the steiner system in a graph and use the graph automorphism function.
Alternatively (as 13 choose 3= 286 is still small), you could take the action on 3-sets, and in this action compute a set stabilizer (a single set stabilizer has a backtrack implementation and therefore much faster):
gap> comb:=Combinations([1..13],3);;
gap> act:=ActionHomomorphism(g,comb,OnSets,"surjective");
<action epimorphism>
Now translate st to a set of points in this action of degree 286
gap> stp:=Set(List(st,x->Position(comb,x)));
[ 1, 22, 42, 47, 56, 64, 83, 90, 99, 106, 107, 126, 137, 145, 149, 153, 175,
191, 199, 205, 210, 229, 239, 262, 277, 282 ]
stabilize, and transfer back to S13:
gap> u:=Stabilizer(Image(act),stp,OnSets);
<permutation group of size 6 with 2 generators>
gap> u:=PreImage(act,u);
Group([ (4,11)(5,12)(6,10)(7,9)(8,13), (1,9)(2,4)(5,8)(6,13)(10,12) ])
I hope this helps,
Alexander Hulpke
-- Colorado State University, Department of Mathematics,
Weber Building, 1874 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1874, USA
email: hulpke at math.colostate.edu, Phone: ++1-970-4914288
http://www.math.colostate.edu/~hulpke
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