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# 3 An example application

### Sections

In this section we outline two example computations with the functions of the previous chapter. The first example uses number fields defined by matrices and the second example considers number fields defined by a polynomial.

## 3.1 Number fields defined by matrices

```gap> m1 := [ [ 1, 0, 0, -7 ],
[ 7, 1, 0, -7 ],
[ 0, 7, 1, -7 ],
[ 0, 0, 7, -6 ] ];;

gap> m2 := [ [ 0, 0, -13, 14 ],
[ -1, 0, -13, 1 ],
[ 13, -1, -13, 1 ],
[ 0, 13, -14, 1 ] ];;

gap> F := FieldByMatricesNC( [m1, m2] );
<rational matrix field of unknown degree>

gap> DegreeOverPrimeField(F);
4
gap> PrimitiveElement(F);
[ [ -1, 1, 1, 0 ], [ -2, 0, 2, 1 ], [ -2, -1, 1, 2 ], [ -1, -1, 0, 1 ] ]

gap> Basis(F);
Basis( <rational matrix field of degree 4>,
[ [ [ 1, 0, 0, 0 ], [ 0, 1, 0, 0 ], [ 0, 0, 1, 0 ], [ 0, 0, 0, 1 ] ],
[ [ 0, 1, 0, 0 ], [ -1, 1, 1, 0 ], [ -1, 0, 1, 1 ], [ -1, 0, 0, 1 ] ],
[ [ 0, 0, 1, 0 ], [ -1, 0, 1, 1 ], [ -1, -1, 1, 1 ], [ 0, -1, 0, 1 ] ],
[ [ 0, 0, 0, 1 ], [ -1, 0, 0, 1 ], [ 0, -1, 0, 1 ], [ 0, 0, -1, 1 ] ] ] )

gap> MaximalOrderBasis(F);
Basis( <rational matrix field of degree 4>,
[ [ [ 1, 0, 0, 0 ], [ 0, 1, 0, 0 ], [ 0, 0, 1, 0 ], [ 0, 0, 0, 1 ] ],
[ [ -1, 1, 1, 0 ], [ -2, 0, 2, 1 ], [ -2, -1, 1, 2 ], [ -1, -1, 0, 1 ] ],
[ [ -3, -2, 2, 3 ], [ -3, -5, 0, 5 ], [ 0, -5, -3, 3 ], [ 2, -2, -3, 0 ] ],
[ [ -1, -1, 0, 1 ], [ 0, -2, -1, 1 ], [ 1, -1, -2, 0 ], [ 1, 0, -1, -1 ] ]
] )

gap> U := UnitGroup(F);
<matrix group with 2 generators>

gap> u := GeneratorsOfGroup( U );;

gap> nat := IsomorphismPcpGroup(U);;
gap> H := Image(nat);
Pcp-group with orders [ 10, 0 ]
gap> ImageElm( nat, u[1] );
g1
gap> ImageElm( nat, u[2] );
g2
gap> ImageElm( nat, u[1]*u[2] );
g1*g2
gap> u[1] = PreImagesRepresentative(nat, GeneratorsOfGroup(H)[1] );
true
```

## 3.2 Number fields defined by a polynomial

```gap> g := UnivariatePolynomial( Rationals, [ 16, 64, -28, -4, 1 ] );
x_1^4-4*x_1^3-28*x_1^2+64*x_1+16

gap> F := FieldByPolynomialNC(g);
<algebraic extension over the Rationals of degree 4>
gap> PrimitiveElement(F);
a
gap> MaximalOrderBasis(F);
Basis( <algebraic extension over the Rationals of degree 4>,
[ !1, 1/2*a, 1/4*a^2, 1/56*a^3+1/14*a^2+1/14*a-2/7 ] )

gap> U := UnitGroup(F);
<group with 4 generators>

gap> natU := IsomorphismPcpGroup(U);;
gap> elms := List( [1..10], x-> Random(F) );;

gap>  PcpPresentationOfMultiplicativeSubgroup( F, elms );
Pcp-group with orders [ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 ]

gap> isom := IsomorphismPcpGroup( F, elms );;
gap> y := RandomGroupElement( elms );;
gap> z := ImageElm( isom, y );;
gap> y = PreImagesRepresentative( isom, z );
true

gap> FactorsPolynomialAlgExt( F, g );
[ x_1+(-a), x_1+(a-2), x_1+(-1/7*a^3+3/7*a^2+31/7*a-40/7),
x_1+(1/7*a^3-3/7*a^2-31/7*a+26/7) ]
```

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Alnuth manual
December 2017