> < ^ Date: Mon, 29 Nov 1999 11:37:30 +0100 (CET)
> < ^ From: Thomas Breuer <Thomas.Breuer@Math.RWTH-Aachen.DE >
< ^ Subject: Re: SmallGroup(12,1)

Dear GAP Forum,

Kurt Ewald asked for the meaning of `IsSubgroup'.

As the Reference Manual says,
`IsSubgroup( <G>, <U> )' is `true' if <G> and <U>
are groups such that <U> is a subset of <G>.

The manual entry for `IsSubset' implies that the
relation checked by `IsSubgroup' is stronger than the
relation ``<U> is isomorphic to a subgroup of <G>''.

As for the given example of semidirect products,
the manual entry for `SemidirectProduct' says
that one has to use explicit embeddings
when one wants to access the normal subgroup
and a complement, respectively,
as subgroups of the semidirect product.

The example might be treated as follows.

gap> z3:= Group( (1,2,3) );;  z4:= Group( (1,2,3,4) );;
gap> aut:= AutomorphismGroup( z3 );;
gap> hom:= GroupHomomorphismByImages( z4, aut, [(1,2,3,4)], [aut.1] );;
gap> p:= SemidirectProduct( z4, hom, z3 );
Group([ (2,3)(4,5,6,7), (1,2,3) ])
gap> emb:= Embedding( p, 1 );
[ (1,2,3,4) ] -> [ (2,3)(4,5,6,7) ]
gap> IsSubgroup( p, Image( emb, z4 ) );

Kind regards,
Thomas Breuer

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